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Company "Wöhrmann and Son"


Latvijas Valsts vēstures arhīvs
Latvia State Historical Archives
Riga, Latvia

Record group

Company "Wöhrmann and Son"
Firma "Vērmanis un dēls"
Reference code : 7094
Period : 1759-1902
Extent : 232 items


The record group comprises private papers of the Wöhrmann family as well as correspondence, bookkeeping and accounting documents concerning commercial and industrial enterprises and the liquidation of the family's company. The bulk of the materials dates from after 1800.

Relevant contents

Period : 1759 - 1800
Countries involved : Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, The Netherlands, Various countries
Languages : Dutch, French, High German

Records from the second half of the eighteenth century are very fragmentary. They contain some information about the merchants' migration, family ties, trade networks and shipping, however. The following items include relevant records:


Inventory (in Latvian) (1953-1977).

Record creator / provenance

This trading house was founded by Christian Heinrich Wöhrmann, who was born at Lübeck in 1737. He went to Riga about 1763, entered the Blackhead corporation in 1764 and became a member of the trading companies of "Vethaacke, Krupp & Co", "Krupp & Wöhrmann" and "Wöhrmann & Detenhoff". From the 1770s on, he started his own business. In 1772 he was a headman (Älteste) of the Blackheads; afterwards he joined the Great Guild for merchants and became a headman there in 1784.

From about 1804 onward, his company was renamed into the "Wöhrmann & Sohn". The trading house was inherited by Johann Christoph Wöhrmann (1784–1843), who also served as consul general of Prussia in Riga, and afterward by Christian Heinrich von Wöhrmann (1814–1874), who also served as consul general of Prussia and Germany in Riga.

The company was engaged in large-scale trade and commission dealing with partners in Russia, Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain, etc. From the 1830s on, it turned to the woodworking and textile industry and became an important metal working enterprise. After the death of Chr.H. von Wöhrmann, the company gradually ran down its activities. In the years 1881-1891 it was brought under insolvency proceedings and was liquidated, although some of its industrial enterprises continued to exist under different names.

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